As we get older, as a result of internal and external factors, our skin begins to age and wrinkle. From our early twenties we begin to produce less collagen, which is the substance that keeps the skin firm. This results in thinning of the skin. In addition, less elastin, which keeps the skin supple, is produced and the glands that produce oil also function less efficiently. Wrinkles also appear over time as a result of repeated contractions of the facial muscles, resulting in forehead wrinkles, frown lines and crow’s feet. External factors such as sun damage and smoking add to these problems and, in combination, result in increased wrinkle formation.

The wrinkles that are caused by the aging process can be treated and the onset of further wrinkles delayed by Botox treatment and the best time to perform the treatment is in the late twenties. This is because that is when the process of wrinkle formation is already under way. Botox treatment will help to prevent the muscle contractions and the wrinkles that they subsequently cause.

As we continue to get older there are additional changes to our skin, the main ones of which are set out below.

Skin Changes in Our 30’s

The continuing reduction in collagen and elastin production, coupled with a weakening of the effectiveness of the lymph glands in flushing out toxins, often leads to the area around the eyes looking puffy and the skin developing a pallid appearance.

Skin Changes in Our 40’s

When we reach our 40’s the slowing down of the lymphatic system accelerates, resulting in increased puffiness around the eyes and cheeks. We also produce less sebum, which protects the skin from external aging factors such as smoke and other pollutants. Finally, a reduction in oestrogen production can cause the skin to become wrinkled and saggy, particularly around the neck and upper chest.

Skin Changes in Our 50’s and Beyond

As we reach middle age, spider veins and pigmentation spots can appear. The skin becomes more “flaky” and the pores may become enlarged. More wrinkles appear, especially around the eyes, and it is more difficult to keep the skin hydrated. The support that collagen and elastin give to the cells of the skin is considerably diminished, resulting in a breakdown in the skin’s elasticity.

Wrinkle Treatment

The key to caring for our skin as we age is to keep it properly moisturised. Day and night creams will help to keep the skin hydrated as our naturally produced moisturising protection diminishes. Sadly, there is a limit to the amount of protection that can be achieved through cosmetic products and, ultimately, it may be that the only effective treatment, both to eradicate existing wrinkles and help to minimise or delay the development of further wrinkles, is through Botox treatment. This therapeutic procedure has proved effective for the removal of wrinkles, crow’s feet and frown lines in women of all ages but, for the reasons set out above, can be most effective and appropriate for women in their late 20’s.